$7.2 Million

Induced and indirect impact on the economic output on the State of Oklahoma from both construction and operations is estimated to equal just over $2.2 billion annually, giving a total economic impact of $7.2 billion from annual operations and construction. Of that, 60 percent occurred in rural areas.

$4.75 Billion

Tribal Government Gaming direct output was $4.75 billion in 2015, representing 3 percent of private production in the Oklahoma economy.

$334 Million

Annual employee benefits of almost $334 million including healthcare, dental and life insurance, and retirement plans.


Tribal Government Gaming Operations and Related Facilities supported 27,944 ongoing jobs in 2015, of which 76.6 percent were full-time. Rural Gaming Operations accounted for 18,470 or 66.1 percent of these jobs; urban Gaming facilities accounted for 9,474 jobs, or 33.9 percent.

$339 Million

In 2018, Oklahoma Tribal Government Gaming Operations and their employees paid out almost $339 million in payroll-related taxes, including nearly $35 million in income taxes to the State of Oklahoma.

$1.09 Billion

Annual wages, salaries and tips of almost $1.09 billion in 2018.

45.9 Million

Almost 45.9 million visits to Oklahoma Tribal Government Gaming Operations occurred in 2015, including 18.7 million from out of state. Rural gaming facilities account for 29.3 million visits, or 63.9 percent, which includes almost 84 percent of total out-of-state visits.

more than $1.623 Billion

Oklahoma Tribal Governments have paid the State a total of more than $1.623 billion in Exclusivity Fees since 2006.

$363 Million

In 2015 alone, Oklahoma Tribal Government Gaming Operations spent $363 million on capital improvements, creating an estimated 2,768 jobs and earnings of almost $124 million in the construction industry.

48,942 Jobs

Induced and indirect impact on employment in the State of Oklahoma, from both construction and operations, is estimated to equal 17,050 on-going jobs, giving a total employment impact of 48,942 jobs from annual operations and construction. Of this, 64 percent occurred in rural areas.

$2.3 Billion

Induced and indirect impact on earnings in the State of Oklahoma from construction and operations is estimated to equal more than $713 million annually, giving a total earnings impact from annual operations and construction of $2.3 billion, of which 64 percent occurred in rural areas.


Oklahoma Indian Gaming Association (OIGA), established in 1986, is a non-profit organization of Indian Nations with other non-voting associate members representing organizations, tribes and businesses engaged in tribal gaming enterprises from around Oklahoma. The common commitment and purpose of OIGA is to advance the welfare of Indian peoples economically, socially and politically.

Mission and Vision

The mission of the Oklahoma Indian Gaming Association is to promote the general welfare of the Oklahoma Indian Tribes through the development of sound policies and practices with respect to the conduct of gaming enterprises in Indian Country. As a trade association, the purpose of OIGA is to educate and disseminate information to the tribal, federal, and state governments and the general public on issues relating to tribal government gaming.


If you have any comments or questions, please feel free to contact us via our physical location, telephone, or email.

Matthew Morgan

Matthew Morgan

OIGA Chairman

Chickasaw Nation
2020 Lonnie Abbott Blvd.
Ada, OK 74829

Billy Friend, Chief

Billy Friend, Chief

OIGA Vice Chairman

Wyandotte Nation
64700 E. 60 Hwy
Wyandotte, OK 74370

Christian Fenner

Christian Fenner

OIGA Secretary/Treasurer

Choctaw Nation of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 1909
Durant, OK 74701
Phone 580-920-0160 Ext. 1156
Fax 580-920-0760

Jerry Lankford

Jerry Lankford

OIGA Executive Delegate at Large

Miami Tribe of Oklahoma
P.O. Box 1326,
Miami, OK 74354
Phone 918-541-1357

Wes Pappan

Wes Pappan

OIGA Executive Delegate at Large

Kaw Nation

5640 N. LA Cann RD
Newkirk, OK 74647
580-362-2578 Ext. 301


Tribal Government Gaming in Oklahoma began several decades ago with simple bingo halls situated in retrofitted buildings. Today, 35 Tribal Nations in Oklahoma currently operate more than 130 gaming facilities with approximately 72,850 electronic games, almost 5,300 bingo seats and other games. Tribal Government Gaming operations include 20 casinos with hotels/resorts with a combined total of more than 5,000 rooms, and almost 500,000 square feet of meeting, function and entertainment space.

Other related ancillary facilities and amenities include almost 200 restaurants and bars, nine golf courses with a total of 126 holes, five spas, seven RV parks with nearly 375 sites, more than 50 gas and convenience stores as well as destination and convenience retail, several bowling centers, laser tag and a movie complex.

Oklahoma has the second largest Native American population in the United States, behind only California. According to the 2010 Census, 482,760 Oklahomans identified as Native American alone or in combination with other races.

Tribal Gaming Timeline


First tribal/state compact is signed; allows only pari-mutuel horse race wagers at tribal casino.

1992 to 2000

Tribes focus on maximizing Class II games, including continued development of electronic aids for Class II games.


Some uncertainties remained, so tribes and state discussed expanded compacts to allow for skill games and card games. The proposed compact that was the result of negotiations between the Governor and Tribes was put on the ballot as State Question 712. The compact applies to Class III gaming only.


Oklahoma led the nation in the growth rate of tribal gaming.


Chairman’s Award for Outstanding Achievement in Indian Gaming

This award honors those in Oklahoma Indian Gaming Operations who have worked through the ranks and made significant impact in their own workplaces and communities and who have also been living examples of the positive impacts that Oklahoma’s Tribal Government Gaming industry has brought.

These recipients epitomize the intent and purpose of Tribal Government Gaming Operations. Their personal achievements and growth has helped the Oklahoma Indian Gaming Industry achieve the high level of success that we now enjoy.

These milestones of their success are not only measured in actual dollars or profits for their tribal benefactors, but the personal, professional and spiritual growth of those involved in this industry.

Most importantly, these honorees have helped our young people grow into strong young men and women, and have proven that if given the opportunity, ordinary people can accomplish extraordinary things, thanks to the dedication and discipline that this industry offers its members.

Modern Day Warrior Award

This award is designed to honor professionals in the Indian Gaming Industry who have dedicated tireless effort and support to champion the cause of Oklahoma Tribal Government Gaming.

The Modern Day Warrior has traded the arrow for the pen, and has been Tribal Government Gaming’s front line of defense for the rights and sovereignty of the nations that comprise the Indian Gaming Industry, in order to keep us on a viable path of progress and prosperity for generations to come.

See Award Recipients by Year

​2022 | ​2021 | ​​2019  |  ​2018  |  2017  |  2016  |  2015  |  2014  |  2013  |  2012  |  2011  |  2010  |  2009  |  2008

Facts About Indian Gaming


  • 573 federally-recognized Indian Tribes
  • 241 Tribal Governments engaged in gaming (Class II or Class II)
  • 501 Tribal Governmental gaming operations (several Tribes operate more than one facility)
  • 29 states with Tribal Governmental gaming: (Class II or Class III)
  • 635,000 plus jobs created – 75% held by non-Indians (In areas of high unemployment, 80% of Tribal governmental gaming employees are Indian)


  • 38 federally-recognized Indian Tribes
  • 35 Tribes have signed compacts
  • 130+ Tribal gaming operations – these range from an annex to a gas stop to full-scale resort casinos


  • Three-fourths of gaming Tribes devote all of their revenue to Tribal governmental services, economic and community development, to neighboring communities and to charitable purposes. 75% of tribes do not give out per capita payments.
  • Tribal government services, Economic and Community development, general tribal welfare, charitable donations and any requirements for aid to local governments must be provided for before a Tribe can file for a “Revenue Allocation Plan.”
  • The Secretary of the Interior must approve any per capita payments as part of a “Revenue Allocation Plan.”
  • Only about one-fourth of Tribes engaged in gaming distribute per capita payments to tribal members.
  • Tribal members receiving per capital payments pay federal income tax on these payments.


  • Tribal Governmental gaming is regulated on three levels.
  • Under the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA), Indian Nations and Tribes are primary regulators of Indian gaming. IGRA stipulates that Tribes establish the basic regulatory framework for Indian gaming.
  • State regulation may be included in Tribal/State compacts for Class III gaming.
  • Federal agencies enforce laws relating to Indian gaming, including the National Indian Gaming Commission, the Interior Department, the Justice Department, FBI, IRS, Secret Service and the Treasury Department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network.
  • Federal law makes it a crime punishable by up to ten years in prison to steal, cheat, or embezzle from an Indian gaming operation. That law is enforced by the FBI 18 USC ss.


  • All Indian people pay federal income tax.
  • All Indian people pay FICA taxes.
  • All Indian people pay social security taxes.
  • Only those Indians who live and work on their own federally recognized reservations – not unlike soldiers and their families living on military installations – are exempt from paying state income and property taxes.


  • Revenues from Tribal Governmental gaming must be used in five specific areas as stipulated by the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (25 U.S.C. 2710 [Sec. 11].
  • Net revenues from any tribal gaming are not to be used for purposes other than
    • to fund Tribal Government operations or programs;
    • to provide for the general welfare of the Indian tribe and its members
    • to promote Tribal economic development
    • to donate to charitable organizations
    • to help fund operations of local government agencies